The Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi (HSK) defined as Chinese proficiency Test (CPT) or Chinese Standard Exam (CSE). It’s a standardized test of Standard Chinese Language Proficiency for Non-Native Speakers such as Foreign Students and overseas Chinese.

HSK Test managed or administered by Hanban, a non-government organization which is affiliated by the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China.

HISTORY: This Development began in 1984 at Beijing language and Culture university and in 1992 the HSK was officially made a National Standardized Test. during the year 2005, over 120 countries had participated as regular host sites and the tests had been taken around 100 million times. The general Count outside of China is stated as being around 1.9 million. In 2011, Beijing International Chinese College becomes the first HSK testing center to conduct online HSK test.

The HSK test approximates the English TOEFL and an HSK certificate is valid without any limitation in China. These tests are aimed to be Certificate of Language proficiency for higher educational and professional purposes.

Every Year HSK Certificates are issued to the successful Candidates who meet all the required score. Unlike the Test of Chinese as a Foreign Language which is offered in Taiwan and the mostly characters are in traditional Chinese. HSK followed Simplified Chinese.

Source: HANBAN

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To help evaluate the Chinese levels of non-native Chinese speakers across the world, Hanban has developed three exams, HSK (Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi), YCT (youth learner test) and BCT (business Chinese test).

Aim and purpose includes:

  • initiating/perfecting a Chinese evaluation system that is practical, motivational and effective, so as to enhance the qualities of Chinese teaching and learning internationally;
  • providing Chinese evaluation services that are the most influential and reliable

Chinese Proficiency Test (HSK)

The new HSK test was launched by Hanban in an effort to better serve Chinese language learners. The test is the result of coordinated efforts by domestic and foreign experts from different disciplines including Chinese language teaching, linguistics, psychology and educational measurement. The new exam combines the advantages of the original HSK while taking into consideration recent trends in Chinese language training by conducting surveys and making use of the latest findings in international language testing.

The new HSK is an international standardized exam that tests and rates Chinese language proficiency. It assesses non-native Chinese speakers’ abilities in using the Chinese language in their daily, academic and professional lives. HSK consists of six levels, namely the HSK (level I), HSK (level II), HSK (level III), HSK (level IV), HSK (level V), and HSK (level VI).

Details are as follows:

The new HSK test was launched by Hanban in an effort to better serve Chinese language learners. The test is the result of coordinated efforts by domestic and foreign experts from different disciplines including Chinese language teaching, linguistics, psychology and educational measurement. The new exam combines the advantages of the original HSK while taking into consideration recent trends in Chinese language training by conducting surveys and making use of the latest findings in international language testing.

I. Test Structure

The new HSK is an international standardized exam that tests and rates Chinese language proficiency. It assesses non-native Chinese speakers’ abilities in using the Chinese language in their daily, academic and professional lives. HSK consists of six levels, namely the HSK (level I), HSK (level II), HSK (level III), HSK (level IV), HSK (level V), and HSK (level VI).

II. Test Levels

The levels of the new HSK correspond to the levels of the Chinese Language Proficiency Scales for Speakers of Other Languages (CLPS) and the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEF) as follows:

Mandarin

New HSK Vocabulary CLPS CEF
HSK (Level VI) Over 5,000 Level V C2
HSK (Level V) 2500 Level V C1
HSK (Level IV) 1200 Level IV B2
HSK (Level III) 600 Level III B1
HSK (Level II) 300 Level II A2
HSK (Level I) 150 Level I A1

Test takers who are able to pass the HSK (Level I) can understand and use very simple Chinese words and phrases, meet basic needs for communication and possess the ability to further their Chinese language studies.

Test takers who are able to pass the HSK (Level II) have an excellent grasp of basic Chinese and can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters.

Test takers who are able to pass the HSK (Level III) can communicate in Chinese at a basic level in their daily, academic and professional lives. They can manage most communication in Chinese when travelling in China.

Test takers who are able to pass the HSK (Level IV) can converse in Chinese on a wide range of topics and are able to communicate fluently with native Chinese speakers.

Test takers who are able to pass the HSK (Level V) can read Chinese newspapers and magazines, enjoy Chinese films and plays, and give a full-length speech in Chinese.

Test takers who are able to pass the HSK (Level VI) can easily comprehend written and spoken information in Chinese and can effectively express themselves in Chinese, both orally and on paper.

III. Test Principles

The new HSK follows the principle of “test-teaching correlation”, bases the design of the test on the current trends in international Chinese language training, and is closely related to textbooks. The purpose of the test is to “promote training through testing” and “promote learning through testing”.

The new HSK emphasizes the objectivity and accuracy of the evaluation and stresses the learners’ actual Chinese language abilities.

The new HSK sets clear test objectives to allow the test takers to be able to improve their Chinese language abilities in a systematic and efficient way

IV. Testing Purposes

The new HSK retains the former HSK’s orientation as a general (or universal) Chinese language abilities test for adult learners. The results of the test can serve several purposes:

  • A reference for an educational institution’s decision-making concerning recruiting students, assigning students to different classes, allowing students to skip certain courses and granting students academic credits.
  • A reference for employers’ decision-making concerning the recruitment, training and promotion of test takers.
  • A method for Chinese language learners to assess and improve their proficiency in Chinese.
  • A method for Chinese language training institutions to evaluate training results.

V. Results Certificate

Test takers will receive the results for the new HSK issued by Hanban within one month after the test.